Parliaments

When in March, 2009 were submitted before The US Supreme Court 12 amicus curiae briefs in support of the review petition of the Cuban Five case.

Among the signatories of these amici were the Mexican Senate and the Panama National Assembly and also:

  • 75 members of the European Parliament, including two former Presidents and three actual vice presidents; 
  • 87 members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
  • 155 Legislators from the National Congress of Brazil
  • 6 Legislators from Belgium
  • 12 Legislators from the National Congress of Chile
  • 7 Legislators from the Parliament of Germany (Bundestag)
  • 42 Legislators from the Parliament of Ireland
  • 10 Legislators from the National Diet of Japan
  • 85 Legislators from the House of Deputies of the Congress of the United Mexican States
  • 11 Legislators from the Scottish Parliament

During all these yearsmany have been the actions carried out by parliamentarians in the entire world in support of the freedom of the Cuban Five and for the rights to visas for their relatives.

SUMMARY OF ACTIONS AT THE PARLIAMENTARY LEVEL

IN SOLIDARITY WITH THE CUBAN FIVE

 

EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

  • February 2007 – 187 Deputies from the parties represented al the European Parliament signed a written declaration asking the United States to allow relatives of the Five to visit them in prison. The declaration was presented by Spain’s Ignasi Guardans (CiU, Liberal Party) Portugal’s Ana Maria Gomes (Socialist Party), Cypres' Panayiotis Demetriou (European Popular Party), France's Gerard Onesta (Green Party) and Germany’s Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann (European Unitary Left).
  • 5 October 2006 – EU deputy Pedro Guerreiro asked the session: what is the chair of the Council going to do to ensure the most basic rights of the Five are respected, including the right to be visited by their relatives, that their sentences are revoked and that they undergo a fair trial?
  • September 2005 – Spanish EU deputies Willy Meyer, from Izquierda Unida (United Left Party), Miguel Angel Martínez, from Partido Socialista Obero Español (Spanish Socialist Worker's Party) and Bart Staes, from Belgium's Green Party, signed a letter addressed to the Attorney General of the United States, demanding the release of the Five.
  • October 2003 – Deputies from the European Unitary Left sent a letter to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Regional Delegation for relations with Central America and Mexico, asking the European Union to take action before the pertinent US authorities and calling for the holding of a new trial. They also pronounced themselves with respect to the violation of the human rights of the Five and their relatives.
  • October 2003 – The Vice-chairperson of the ACP - EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly and the President of the Group of Friendship with Cuba Miguel Angel Martínez sent to the head of the European Parliament's Delegation for relations with Central America and Mexico, Raimon Obiols, a letter describing the violations endured by the Five and announcing his intention of advancing a parliamentary question in this connection at the Council and/or Commission.
  • 22 October 2003 – At this day's European Parliament session, EU deputies Pedro Marset Campos, Konstantinos Alyssandrakis, Ioannis Patakis, Ilda Figueiredo and María Luisa Bergaz Conesa advanced parliamentary questions related to the United States' violation of the human rights of the Five.

PARLIAMENTARY UNION

  • October 2005 – More than 50 members of parliament from around the world, who participated in the 113th General Assembly of the World Parliamentary Union, signed an Appeal calling for the release of the five anti-terrorist Cuban activists, who are still unjustly detained in US prisons, in spite of the ruling handed down by the Atlanta Court of Appeals, which overturned the trial in which they were convicted.

LATIN AMERICAN PARLIAMENT (PARLATINO)

  • December 2006 – The 22nd Ordinary Assembly of the Latin American Parliament (PARLATINO) approved a resolution urging “competent US authorities to immediately release the five Cuban citizens…”

ACP – EU JOINT PARLIAMENTARY ASSEMBLY

  • 12 October 2003 – The Parliamentary Women’s Forum held on the occasion of the 6th ACP (Africa – Caribbean – Pacific) – EU (European Union) Joint Parliamentary Assembly, issued a declaration which condemned how US authorities had denied Olga Salanueva and Adriana Pérez the right to visit their husbands, who are imprisoned in the United States.

PARLIAMENTARY CONFERENCE OF THE AMERICAS

  • December 2003 – the Parliamentary Women Network of the Parliamentary Conference of the Americas approved a resolution denouncing how Olga Salanueva and Adriana Pérez were denied visas to enter the United States and visit their husbands in prison.

CENTRAL AMERICAN PARLIAMENT

  • September 2006 – Chairman of PARLACEN Julio Palacios presented a motion in favor of the release of the Five at the 2nd Ibero-American Parliamentary Forum. The motion was presented at work panel 1, on the topic of migrants and human rights.
  • September 2008 – Parliamentary Group of Friendship PARLACEN-Cuba and the left wing of this regional forum issued a motion demanding US government the immediate release of the Cuban Five.

MERCOSUR PARLIAMENT (PARLASUR)

  • November 2007 –Commission on Civic Responsibility and Human Rights of the PARLASUR passed a declaration on the Cuban Five to submit to the Plenary of the MERCOSUR Parliament on December 2007.

EUROLAT

  • November 2010 – meeting of EUROLAT commissions, held in Cuenca (Ecuador) passed the Cuenca Declaration, in which is included the “solidarity and support to the five Cubans imprisoned in the United States for 12 years, accused of conspiracy and foreign agents, without evidence that justified the disproportional sentences dictated against them. Considering the end of the judicial way we ask their freedom through a President Obama pardon.”  

On July 7, 2008 Parliamentarians of 15 countries of Latin American and Caribbean, as well as representatives of regional parliaments (PARLATINO, PARLANDINO, PARLACEN, PARLASUR and Indigenous Parliament), meet in Panama and agreed a group of actions to boost the world campaign for the freedom of the Cuban Five.

GREAT BRITAIN

  • November 2008 – introduced in the Scottish Parliament motion S3M-2695 in solidarity with wives of the Cuban Five and with the case in general. The motion endorses Amnesty International’s declaration and has been signed by 33 parliamentarians.
  • February 2006 – Nobel Prize winner Harold Pinter, 110 members of the British parliament, London mayor Ken Livingstone and 15 general secretaries of British unions are some of the personalities among the 10,000 English citizens who signed an open letter sent by the Solidarity with Cuba Campaign to the Attorney General of the United States, asking for the immediate release of the Five.
  • 21 November 2002 – Labour Member of Parliament Michael Connarty introduced an emergency motion at the House of Commons about the five Cubans imprisoned in the United States which was backed by 112 members of the British Parliament.

IRELAND

  • February 2006 – 49 members of the Irish Parliament, including 8 senators, requested the release of the Five in a letter addressed to the Attorney General of the United States Alberto Gonzales.
  • 20 November 2003 – At the Irish Parliament’s Lower House of Commons, 26 members of Ireland’s Labour Party signed a petition calling for the release of the Five and a new trial.

RUSSIA

  • February 21, 2007 - Russia’s State Duma passed an Appeal addressed to the US Congress relating to the imprisonment of five Cuban citizens. The appeal was unanimously by all the fractions of the legislative chamber.  
  • October 2005 – 18 federal deputies of Russia’s State Duma signed an open letter addressed to US Attorney General Alberto González, calling for the release of the Five. Among the signatories were Guennadi Ziuganov, leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, V.A. Kupsov, Vice-Chairman of the Duma and V.I. Sebastyanov, Chairman of the Russia – Cuba Friendship Parliamentary Group.
  • 7 March 2003 – The Duma (Russia’s lower House) approved, with 287 votes in favor and none against, an Appeal issued by the State Duma of the Assembly of the Russian Federation, addressed to the US Congress, in connection with the judicial sanctions imposed upon the Cuban citizens.

MEXICO

  • Octobre 17, 2008 - Point of Agreement about the Cuban Five presented by Mexican Senate Vice President Yeidckol Polenvsky, with an addition proposed by her and by PRI Senator Rosario Green, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, which was approved in Senate session with the vote of all the senators present from all the parties.
  • February 13, 2008 – Point of Agreement on the Cuban Five passed by Mexican House of Representatives.
  • 28 September 2006 – Senate approved a point of agreement calling for the validation of the opinion of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions of the UN Commission on Human Rights.
  • 10 July 2003 – 300 Mexican legislators signed a document expressing their deep concern over the arbitrary detention and summary trial, plagued with irregularities, to which five Cuban citizens were subjected in Miami, Florida, USA.

ARGENTINA

  • October 2008 – By initiative of the Vice-President of the Civic Coalition, Representative Facundo Di Filippo, the legislative body of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires critically pronounced on the case of the Cuban Five.
  • September 2005 – 26 deputies from the Argentinean Congress sent a letter to the Attorney General of the United States, asking for the immediate release of the Cuban Five, held illegally in US prisons since 1998.

BELGIUM

  • February 2006 – 32 members of Parliament in the House of Representatives of the Belgian Senate and the European Parliament signed a declaration on the violation of the human rights of the Five in the United States.

SWEDEN

  • 23 March 2005 – Question posed the Swedish Minister of Foreign Affairs by deputy from the Left Party Sermin Osurkut, substitute member of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Swedish Parliament, about the case of the Five imprisoned in the United States and Sweden’s position with respect to US support for terrorist actions against Cuba.

MALI

  • 2 June 2006 – A plenary session of the National Assembly of Mali approved a motion in solemn support of the Five, vigorously condemning the treatment they are subjected to and demanding their immediate release. In addition to this, it “solemnly calls on all colleagues around the world to organize a powerful solidarity and support movement to obtain the release of the Five and have them return to their country”.

CANADA

  • June, 2008 - On the initiative of Francine Lalonde, Bloc Quebecois Member of Parliament, she and other 55 MPs signed a letter demanding justice for the Five. The letter was forwarded to David Emerson, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada, a copy to Michael Mukasey, Attorney General of the United States and David Wilkins, US Ambassador to Canada.
  • 20 April 2006 – Canadian parliamentary member and spokeswoman for the Quebecois Party for Foreign Affairs Francine Lalonde addressed a letter to Canada’s Minister of Foreign Affairs Peter MacKay, asking him to “apply pressure on the United States to obtain the immediate release of the Five”.

GERMANY

  • September 2006 – the Bundestag Left Faction addressed a letter to its colleagues in the US Congress, asking for their support in the struggle for the release of the Five, imprisoned in the United States for fighting against terrorism.
  • July 2006 – Twelve members of the German parliament sent a letter to the US Congress, demanding respect for human rights and the immediate release of the five Cuba anti-terrorist activists. The signatories included the Chairwoman of Parliamentary Commission on Human Rights and Humanitarian Aid, Professor Herta Daubler-Gmelin and ex Secretary General of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) Klaus Uwe Benneter.

BRAZIL

  • April 14, 2010 – Motion of Solidarity and Support passed by the Commission of Foreign Affairs and National Defense of the House of Representatives
  • March 2010 – House of Representatives passed motion of solidarity.
  • August 2006 – The Commission of Human Rights of the Brazilian House of Representatives passed a “motion of condemnation against the illegal and arbitrary prison of Five Cubans in the United States”. This motion was send to the President of the US House of Representatives.
  • June 2006 – A solemn session of the Municipal Legislative Assembly was held in Recife in honour of the Five.
  • On 24 May, the Commission on Human Rights of the Legislative Assembly of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais held a public hearing on the situation of the five young Cubans who are unjustly imprisoned in the United States for fighting against terrorism.
  • March 2006 – A motion in solidarity with the Five and their families was signed by more than 32 ministers in Porto Alegre and sent to the US Department of State, the Bush administration’s Attorney General and UN Secretary General Kofi Annan.

VENEZUELA

  • November 10, 2009 – National Assembly passed by majority an agreement of solidarity with the Cuban Five.
  • September 2008 –National Assembly passed by majority an agreement of solidarity with the Cuban Five.
  • July 2006 – At a plenary session of the Latin American Parliament, the Venezuelan Parliamentary Group approved a resolution urging US authorities to immediately release the Five and calling on the General Assembly of the Latin American Parliament to back this document. A copy shall be sent to the US President, the Attorney General the Secretary of State of the United States, the UN Commission on Human Rights and the Chairs of the Latin American Parliament.

BOLIVIA

  • October 2010 –Multinational Legislative Assembly demands freedom of the Cuban Five with resolutions passed in the House of Representatives and in the Senate calling the revision of the process due to violations against international covenants.
  • September 17, 2008 – Bolivian Senate passed a Declaration “invoking US authorities to consider revision of the case” of the Cuban Five to avoid creating an injustice such as the one with Sacco and Vanzetti.
  • September 10, 2008 - The House of Representatives passed a Declaration in support of the Cuban Five, in solidarity with their relatives and asking Bolivian Government to urge US Government and Congress to free them.
  • October 2007 -  The House of Representatives passed a Declaration in support of the solidarity movement with the Cuban Five
  • September 2006 - The House of Representatives passed a declaration demanding the immediately liberation of the Cuban Five.
  • 30 August 2006 – The Bolivian Senate unanimously approved a declaration calling for the immediate release of the Five.

SPAIN

  • 3 October 2006 - The Green Left Parliamentary Group poses the government the following questions with respect to the case of the Five and the protection afforded notorious terrorist Luis Posada Carriles by the US government: What opinion does the Spanish president have of these facts? And is the government planning any diplomatic initiative before the Bush administration in order to call its attention to these evident irregularities, such that justice is done in the case of the Five?
  • 22 December 2005 – The Green Left Parliamentary Group poses the government the following question: has the government plans to take steps before the US administration to demand respect for human rights in the case of the Five?

PANAMA

  • October 22, 2008 – The Commission on Foreign Relations of the National Assembly passed a declaration “deploring the situation of injustice living by the Cuban anti-terrorists”
  • October, 2007 – A Group of 13 legislators signed a Special Declaration in solidarity with the Cuban Five. The Declaration was signed, among others, by the President and Vice-President of the National Assembly and by the presidents of the commissions of Foreign Relations, Treasury and Planning and Health.
  • October 3, 2006 – The Commission of Foreign Relations of the National Assembly of Panama passed a resolution expressing its adhesion to the “growing world clamour asking for a fair trial, a fair jury, a due process and the right to have family visits for the Cuban Five.”

ITALIA

  • November 2006 – More than 35 Italian senators sent a letter to the US Senate expressing their worry for the political use of the Cuban Five case and remembering the importance of the international cooperation in the war against terrorism.

SWITZERLAND

  • October 2007 – 53 members of the Swiss Parliament and from the all Parties signed a letter addressed to the US Ambassador, requesting that the United States Government  share information about the Cuban Five, that a fair trial takes place and that the US and international laws be applied in this case.

PARAGUAY

  • December 17, 2009 – House of Representatives passed a Declaration of Solidarity with the Cuban Five
  • November 2007 – More than 20 national representatives signed a declaration in solidarity with the Cuban Five and their relatives. The declaration was presented to the House by the President of the Commission on Foreign Relations of the Paraguayan Parliament.

CHILE

  • May 2008 – The Commission of Human Rights, Nationality and Citizenship of the House of Deputies asked President Bachelet to express to the United States government her concern about the situation of the Cuban Five.

NAMIBIA

  • July 2008, The Namibian National Assembly unanimously passed a motion supporting Cuba which includes a call for “the immediate and unconditional release of the Cuban Five”.

TURKEY

  • September 2008, the Parliamentary Group of Friendship with Cuba of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey made a declaration calling “US congressmen and authorities to free [the Cuban Five], taking into account that the principles of the struggle against terrorism, proclaimed by their government, is valid in all the cases.”

PERU

  • November 13, 2008 – By initiative of the Parliamentarian League of Friendship Peru-Cuba and with the support of parliamentarians of the principal legislative caucuses, the Congress accept the proposal of intercede before the US Government on behalf of the Cuban Five.

SURINAM

  • September 15, 2008 – Representative Yvonne Raveles-Resida issued a declaration of support with the Cuban Five.

CHIPRE

  • April, 2010 – 21 representatives signed a declaration demanding freedom for the Cuban Five

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

  • September  2009 – Resolution of the Chamber of representatives in solidarity with the Cuban Five.
  • September 2010 – Resolution of the Senate asking President Obama the freedom of the five Cuban fighters against terrorism

JAMAICA

  • May 18, 2011 – Mr. Delroy Chuck, Jamaican House of Representatives Speaker received Olga Salanueva and Adriana Pérez, wives of René González and Gerardo Hernández, respectively.

NICARAGUA

  • September 20, 2011 – National Assembly passed a Declaration demanding US Congress and President Obama to immediately free the Cuban Five in order to rectify the injustice and to return them with their families.

Who are they?

René González Fernando González Antonio Guerrero Ramón Labañino Gerardo Hernández

Last video

Last galleries